Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte
1. Moreen – a kind of strong woolen or cotton fabric
2. Bewick’s History of British Birds – first published in 1797 and 1804, containing engravings by Thomas Bewick (1753-1828)
3. “Where the Northern Ocean . . . Hebrides” – an allusion to “Autumn” (1730), a poem by James Thompson (1700-48)
4. vignettes – snapshots; illustrations used at the beginnings or ends of chapters; Jane is referring to the engravings accompanying the text in Bewick’s book.
5. Pamela the title of a novel by Samuel Richardson (1689-1761), published in 1740-41
6. Henry, Earl of Moreland – title of a book by John Wesley (1703-91), published in 1781
7. Goldsmith’s History of Rome – book by Oliver Goldsmith (c. 1730-74), published in 1769; the Roman emperors Nero and Caligula are famous for their cruelty
8. Ligature – a thing used in tying or binding
9. Marseilles – a strong cotton cloth with a raised weave, originally made in Marseilles, France
10. Bourne – goal; objective
11. Fagging – hard and tiring work, such as that done by a servant
12. Convolvuli – twisting vines
13. Gulliver’s Travels - famous satiric novel by Jonathan Swift (1667-1745), published in 1726; Lilliput and Brobdingnag are two of the fantastic lands that Gulliver visits.
14. Guy Fawkes – an infamous conspirator (1570-1606) who was executed for attempting to blow up the king and both houses of Parliament in 1605
15. Doat – dote; to be excessively fond
16. Parterre – a garden in which the flower beds form a pattern
17. Poltroon – coward
18. Ruth – pity
19. Sotto voce – in a very low voice, so as not to be overheard
20. Onding on snaw – on the verge of snowing
21. Pelisse – an overcoat resembling a long cloak
22. L_____ 0 possibly Leeds, a city in northern England; Bronte passed through Leeds when she herself was sent away to school at Cowan Bridge.
23. Stuff frocks – dresses made of woolen cloth
24. Collect – a short prayer suited to a particular day or occasion
25. Babel – city mentioned in Genesis 11:1-9, where “the Lord did there confound the language of all the earth”
26. Organ of veneration – term used in the supposed science of phrenology; phrenologists believed that the shape and bumps of the skull indicate a person’s character and faculties; the novel contains several allusion to phrenology.
27. Front – brown; forehead
28. Frieze – a kind of heavy woolen cloth with a shaggy nap on one side
29. Mullioned – having panes divided by vertical bars
30. Rasselas – title of a didactic romance by Samuel Johnson (1709-84), published in 1750; in it the main character thinks that “sure happiness is somewhere to be found” but can find it nowhere.
1. Ewer – a large water pitcher
2. Charles I – King of England from 1625- 1649, beheaded after Oliver Cromwell overthrew the monarchy
3. Felix – allusion to Acts 24:25; Felix was a Roman governor who “trembled” when he heard St. Paul teach about righteousness, temperance, and judgment
4. Northumberland – northermost county in England, bordering Scotland
5. Cumbrous – cumbersome
6. Cumberland - area of England near the Scottish border
7. Hebdomadal – weekly
8. Moiety – a half portion