Grammar Sentences: Directions
Keep this in your notebook at all times.Bring to class each day.
1. Copy the sentence, skipping lines.
2. Underline the verb twice.
May also have a helping verb: could, should, will, shall, may, is, was, were, be, am, are, has, have, had, been, do, does, did, can, would, may, might, etc.
Action verb: you can go out and do it.
Linking verb: state of being verb -- is, am, are, was, were, ___ been, ___being, will be, appear, ____ be, become, feel grow, look, etc.
Any verb - can be changed for tense [jumps = did jump, will jump]
3. Put all prepositional phrases in parentheses ( ). Put p over the preposition, OP over the object of the preposition.
A preposition is a ____ that links its _____ to the rest of the sentence.
List of prepositions on p. _______
4. Find your subject and underline it once. [Who or What + Verb = S]
Remember that your subject cannot be inside a prepositional phrase.
5. S + V + who or what? _______
The answer is either the direct object [label DO] or predicate noun [label PN]
Does it rename the S?
Yes? = PN
No? = DO
6. Label adjectives ADJ and draw an arrow to the noun or pronoun each adjective modifies. [Adjectives tell which one, what kind, how many, shape, what size, color. Possessive nouns and possessive pronouns act as adjectives.]
7. Label adverbs ADV and draw an arrow to the word each modifies. [Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. They answer the questions when, where why, how, to what extent, under what conditions, and how often after a verb, adjective, or adverb.]
8. Label prepositional phrases as adjective or adverb
9. Label coordinating conjunctions CC: and, or, but, for, nor, so, yet
10. Put large brackets around main clauses, [independent clauses, can stand alone as a sentence, are not used as any part of speech]
11. Put large parentheses around dependent clauses (subordinate clauses) and label N (noun) , ADJ, or ADV