Make your own free website on

Grammar Sentences: Directions


Keep this in your notebook at all times.Bring to class each day.

1. Copy the sentence, skipping lines.


2. Underline the verb twice.

May also have a helping verb: could, should, will, shall, may, is, was, were, be, am, are, has, have, had, been, do, does, did, can, would, may, might, etc.

Action verb: you can go out and do it.

Linking verb: state of being verb -- is, am, are, was, were, ___ been, ___being, will be, appear, ____ be, become, feel grow, look, etc.

Any verb - can be changed for tense [jumps = did jump, will jump]


3. Put all prepositional phrases in parentheses ( ). Put p over the preposition, OP over the object of the preposition.

A preposition is a ____ that links its _____ to the rest of the sentence.

List of prepositions on p. _______


4. Find your subject and underline it once. [Who or What + Verb = S]

Remember that your subject cannot be inside a prepositional phrase.


5. S + V + who or what? _______

The answer is either the direct object [label DO] or predicate noun [label PN]

   Does it rename the S?

   Yes? = PN

   No? = DO


6. Label adjectives ADJ and draw an arrow to the noun or pronoun each adjective modifies. [Adjectives tell which one, what kind, how many, shape, what size, color. Possessive nouns and possessive pronouns act as adjectives.]


7. Label adverbs ADV and draw an arrow to the word each modifies. [Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. They answer the questions when, where why, how, to what extent, under what conditions, and how often after a verb, adjective, or adverb.]


8. Label prepositional phrases as adjective or adverb


9. Label coordinating conjunctions CC: and, or, but, for, nor, so, yet


10. Put large brackets around main clauses, [independent clauses, can stand alone as a sentence, are not used as any part of speech]


11. Put large parentheses around dependent clauses (subordinate clauses) and label N (noun) , ADJ, or ADV